Don Muang is a historic district located North to Bangkok, the capital city of Thailand. The area has a rich history dating back to the ancient city of Ayutthaya, which was the capital of the Kingdom of Siam (former name of Thailand) from the 14th to the 18th century.
During the Ayutthaya period, Don Muang was an important strategic location as it served as the main route from Ayutthaya to other provinces in the north. The district was also known for its fertile land which was ideal for farming, especially for growing rice. The name "Don Muang" translates to "fertile land" in Thai.
In the late 18th century, Ayutthaya was invaded and destroyed by the Burmese armies, leading to the collapse of the kingdom. After the fall of Ayutthaya, the capital was moved to Thonburi (located on the opposite side of the Chao Phraya River) under the leadership of King Taksin. However, during the reign of King Rama I, the founder of the Chakri Dynasty, the capital was officially moved to its present location in Bangkok.
Don Muang remained an important district throughout the early years of Bangkok's development. It served as a trading hub and a major center for agriculture. Many canals were dug in the area for transportation and irrigation purposes, further enhancing its importance.
During the 20th century, Don Muang went through significant changes. In the 1920s, Don Muang Airport was established as the first official airport of Thailand, becoming an important hub for air travel in Southeast Asia. The airport played a crucial role in facilitating international travel and trade, as well as supporting the growth of the aviation industry in Thailand.
In 2006, a new airport, Suvarnabhumi Airport, was opened to replace Don Muang Airport as the main international airport in Bangkok. However, Don Muang Airport continues to operate as a secondary airport, serving domestic flights and some international low-cost carriers.
Today, Don Muang is a mix of historic buildings, residential areas, and commercial establishments. The district is known for its diverse street food scene, including the famous "Don Muang Market" and the nearby "Chinatown" area. The district also houses various universities, schools, and government offices, contributing to the vibrant and bustling atmosphere of the area.